This website project is an extension of my dissertation research, One Too Many: The Enslavement of Africans in Early Ontario, 1760 - 1834™. My research focuses on the enslavement of African men, women, and children in Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) between 1760 and 1834. I examine the scale and scope of the enslavement of African people in early Ontario, contextualizing this historical reality within the global phenomenon of the Transatlantic slave trade, the French and British colonization of what is now Canada and the “New World”, and the American Revolution, which resulted in the Loyalist exile to British North American and the forced relocation of the Africans they enslaved.
My research aims to disrupt the idea that since the number of enslaved Africans overall was relatively small, the enslavement was insignificant in Canada. No matter the number, the fact that Africans were held in bondage in Canada is important historical knowledge. Gaining a deeper understanding of who these individuals were assists in unpacking the complexities of their lives and the role of enslavement and freedom in shaping them.
My hybrid dissertation includes the creation of an open-access database that will provide a comprehensive enumeration of enslaved Africans held in bondage, the first major scholarly effort to do so. My employment of Black digital humanities (BDH) involves the development of biographical narratives of a number of subjects of my research, to ensure that their humanity and contributions are honoured and their memory, often denied, is acknowledged.
Portrait of an unidentified child, Archives of Ontario. [Accessed on 14 August 2021]
CREDITS AND SUPPORT
One Too Many: The Enslavement of Africans in Early Ontario, 1760 – 1834™ is a Registered Trademark owned by Natasha Henry. Any unauthorized use is expressly prohibited.
The goal of One Too Many: The Enslavement of Africans in Early Ontario, 1760 – 1834™ is to disseminate knowledge related to the historical enslavement of African men, women, and children in Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) between 1760 and 1834. This open-source website is intended for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes for students, teachers, scholars, and the general public worldwide.
The One Too Many: The Enslavement of Africans in Early Ontario, 1760 – 1834™ is a non-commercial and educational digital resource. The project does not own rights to materials held in this digital database and does not license or charge fees for use of materials. Historical images, if any, displayed on this website were created between the 18th and 19th centuries and are considered in the public domain under the "Fair Use '' clause as recognized in many countries. The website relies on open-source coding as much as possible. All elements of the project website are intended for open access in the public domain. All materials that are downloaded, used or redistributed in any form are subject to the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International license (CCBY-NC 4.0) and acknowledgement should be clearly stated. Conditions of use of content from the website and its images, design or texts should be provided with appropriate attribution providing bibliographic information.
Example: Natasha Henry “Timeline of Enslavement,” One Too Many: The Enslavement of Africans in Early Ontario, 1760 – 1834. www.enslavedafricansinearlyontario.ca (Accessed April 17, 2019).